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Friday, February 24, 2012

About Disabilities About Disability Disabilities under the National Trust Act are in fact Developmental Disabilities caused due to insult to the brain and damage to the central nervous system. This could be due to several environmental factors which deprive the brain of oxygen before, during or after birth. These disabilities are Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities. These are neither disease nor contagious nor progressive. They cannot be cured by drugs or surgery. But early detection and training improves outcome. This is done using the services of Physio-Occupational and Speech Therapist, Community Based Rehabilitation Workers and Special Educators.

It is a neurological disorder which affects the social and emotional areas of the brain leading to challenges in communication, social relationships and imagination.It typically appears after first two to three years of age and is more common in boys. Did you know that
Autism affects as many as 1 in 150 children and 1 in 94 boys Autism is the fastest-growing serious developmental disability in the world More children will be diagnosed with autism this year than with diabetes, cancer, & AIDS combined
Boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism There is no medical detection or cure for autism, but early diagnosis and intervention improve outcomes Autism does not discriminate by geography, class, or ethnicity download and read more FAQs Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism (ISAA) ISAA - Reports & Manual
Cerebral Palsy

Traditionally described as " an intelligent mind caught in a disobedient body", is typified by motor dysfunction. Gross motor (sitting, standing, walking), fine motor (writing, sewing, painting etc.) and speech is generally affected. .... more

Mental Retardation
In this, the cognitive area of the brain is affected leading to slow learning and responses. The child will take long time to understand and may need to be explained in simpler terms, one thing at a time.

Multiple Disabilities
This means a combination of two or more disabilities as defined in clause (i) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1955 and the National Trust Act like Deafblind, Cerebral Palsy with Mental Retardation or Mental Retardation with Visual
Read More on * Perspective to Disability * Issues of Disability * Neglect Abuse & Discrimination * Women with Disability * Prevention (in Hindi) * Who is Disabled? Did You Know That

Developmental Disability is not a disease but a condition It is neither curable nor contagious but it can be managed. Early intervention can improve outcomes. Many persons with such disabilities have excelled as authors, sports persons, software professionals, bank managers, scientists etc. ============================================================================= The only disability in life is a bad attitude - Scott Hamilton =============================================================================

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